A 10-inch rough-in toilet is a toilet that measures 10 inches from the center of the drainpipe to the wall. Before you consider purchasing a toilet, make sure that it fits this space.
If it does not, you can face a wobbly or cracking tank, leaving a wet mess all over your house. There are many additional features to choose from when shopping for toilets, however.
If you have a compact bathroom, standard 12-inch options will probably not work. This is a common situation for houses that were built a long time ago. For those homeowners, a 10-inch rough-in toilet is the best solution (Source).
Besides the size, you should consider the style and shape of your toilet, as well as the height of your toilet. Most importantly, you need to consider the water efficiency you desire.
What Does 10 Inch Rough In Toilet Mean?
Table of Contents
- 1 What Does 10 Inch Rough In Toilet Mean?
- 2 Comparing The Five Best 10-Inch Rough In Toilets
- 3 1. American Standard Cadet 3 – Best for Many Bathroom Styles
- 4 2. Toto Drake – Best Standard Toilet
- 5 3. Kohler Highline – Best for Water Efficiency
- 6 4. Kohler Cimmaron – Best for Small Bathrooms
- 7 5. Sterling Windham – Best for Traditional Use
- 8 What Is the Difference Between a 10 Inch and 12 Inch Rough In Toilet?
- 9 Factors to Consider Before Purchasing a Ten Inch Rough In Toilet
- 10 Ten Inch Rough In Toilet FAQ’s
- 11 Ready To Buy The Best 10 Inch Rough In Toilet?
The “rough-in” of a toilet refers to the distance from the wall behind the toilet to the toilet’s floor drain or “flange”. A 10-inch rough-in toilet is designed to fit homes with more compact bathrooms.
This is common in older homes as modern homes are typically built with larger bathrooms which accommodate the current standard of 12-inch rough-in toilets or, less commonly, 14-inch rough-in.
Before purchasing a toilet, be sure it fits. This measurement should be taken from the finished wall rather than the baseboard or molding.
If there is a toilet already in place, with no access to the flange, the measurement should be taken from the wall to the center of either of the rear bolt caps along either side of the toilet.
Comparing The Five Best 10-Inch Rough In Toilets
|American Standard Cadet 3|
|Toto CST744SF.10No.01 Drake|
1. American Standard Cadet 3 – Best for Many Bathroom StylesThe Cadet 3 by American Standard boasts fewer clogs and less water. By providing higher water pressure and a smaller amount of water, the toilet is less likely to clog.
This toilet also provides an incredible number of styles. Each of these styles is designed to fit your home.
First, there are options for the number of pieces the toilet has. You can choose a one-piece or two-piece toilet. If you choose the two-piece toilet, it means that the tank of your toilet will be separate from the base.
Second, you can choose an elongated or round front bowl. This can be especially important if you have a small bathroom. The round front bowls are best for a narrow space, while elongated bowls are ideal if you have an average to a large bathroom.
This toilet also comes in standard or compact height versions. This allows you to select the appropriate height for your bathroom space or for your family’s needs.
The final impressive feature about this toilet is that it is part of a full line of bathroom elements. You can purchase faucets, countertops, and lighting fixture all which match perfectly with this toilet.
2. Toto Drake – Best Standard ToiletThe Drake by Toto is an excellent standard toilet, without too many bells and whistles. If you are looking for a simple addition to your bathroom, this should be your first choice.
As far as water efficiency goes, this is one of the best toilets available. With only 1.6 gallons of water used per flush, the toilet minimizes water output while maximizing
This toilet simply does not have as many style options as the Cadet 3. In fact, there really is only one set of options for this particular toilet.
It comes in a two-piece design, meaning that the tank is separate from the bowl. Two-piece designs are beneficial because you can replace only the tank or the bowl if one piece is damaged.
Additionally, the bowl is an elongated style, which means if you have a small bathroom, this toilet simply will not be the best fit.
This toilet also only comes in one height. If you were hoping to install this in multiple spaces, for multiple purposes, this is not the best toilet option for you. The height of this toilet is a standard height, meaning it is best for the average individual.
3. Kohler Highline – Best for Water EfficiencyThis Highline toilet by Kohler is full of efficiency and clean lines. With the consumer in mind, this single style toilet is an ideal choice.
The water efficiency of this toilet is also superb. At only 1.28 gallons per flush, this toilet can allow you to save up to 16,500 gallons per year. If you live in a water-deprived area or if you are trying to cut corners on your spending, this can be an excellent choice.
As far as style options go, this toilet again does not have many options. The seat is elongated and the height is standard height. Both of these options allow for easy usage, but may not fit well in a small space.
Another style perk for this toilet is that the lines are incredibly clean and modern. This toilet fits extremely well in almost any bathroom.
There are two extra features on this toilet. The first is the canister flush, which allows the toilet to have more flushing power. The second is the three bolt installation. Three bolt installations make sure that the toilet stays steady on your flooring and that no rocking occurs.
4. Kohler Cimmaron – Best for Small BathroomsThe major benefit to this toilet is that it fits well in a small or large bathroom space. Many of the toilets listed as one of our top five ten inch rough in toilets do not fit well in smaller spaces.
Kohler’s Cimmaron flushes 1.28 gallons per flush. Just like the Highline, this can save a family up to 16,500 gallons each and every year. This is an incredible feature, allowing families to save a small amount of money.
Once again, this toilet by Kohler does not have personalization options. If you like some of the key elements of Kohler toilets, you must browse their full selection in order to get the preferences you want.
This toilet is the opposite of many of the others on this list. Featuring a rounded front, this two-piece toilet is ideal for a small bathroom.
The height on the Cimmaron by Kohler is a standard height. This allows for the elderly and children to sit and stand very easily.
This toilet is incredibly efficient with flushing power. Instead of a traditional plunger, the toilet is equipped with a flush valve. These flush valves are well-known for making the power of the flush even stronger, when less water is used.
5. Sterling Windham – Best for Traditional UseThe Sterling Windham is an ideal toilet for those with a more traditional sense of style. Because this toile does not have extra options, it is a standard, but efficient, fixture in your home.
This is another toilet made for excellent water efficiency. At 1.6 gallons of water used per flush, this toilet matches every other toilet on the list.
One benefit to this toilet is that it is made from vitreous china. This means that your toilet will be durable and last a long time and it will also look beautiful and traditional in your home.
The bowl is elongated, which is a more comfortable seat but means that it does not have options for a smaller bathroom. It also is a standard height. There is no special option for this toilet’s design.
This is another three-bolt toilet, meaning that it connects extremely well to the floor of your bathroom. No rocking toilets or cracked seals here!
What Is the Difference Between a 10 Inch and 12 Inch Rough In Toilet?
While there is no standard for rough-in size for toilets, the most common size for modern toilets is 12-inch. Older homes may have more compact bathrooms and utilize unusual sizes such as 10-inch or 14-inch rough-in toilets.
A 12-inch rough-in toilet will likely not work for compact bathrooms. Conversely, in a modern bathroom, a 10-inch toilet would leave a gap between the wall and the back of the toilet, while a 12-inch sits closer to the wall while allowing for air flow behind the tank.
There is also a cosmetic difference between 10-inch and 12-inch toilets. In order to take up less space, 10-inch toilets typically have a round bowl, while the 12-inch allows for a variety of shapes to the toilet bowl and seat.
Factors to Consider Before Purchasing a Ten Inch Rough In Toilet
When purchasing a Ten Inch Rough In Toilet, you must consider several key features. Each of these features can make or break your experience, but again, make sure you measure the distance from the center of your drain pipe to the wall before purchasing any toilet.
You must consider water efficiency, the shape of the toilet seat, the toilet height, the number of bolts included, the number of toilet pieces, and the toilet material.
Each of these decisions is extremely specific to your home and your style, making a toilet a much more personal choice than anticipated.
Below are things to consider before buying a ten inch rough in toilet.
Gallons Per Flush
One of the most important details to consider is the gallons per flush used by your toilet. Most standard, non-efficient toilets use close to 3.5 gallons of water per flush.
This equates to 6,000 gallons per person per year. If your toilet is even older, you could be using up to 5 or 7 gallons per flush.
The toilets on this list all use 1.6 gallons or less per flush. This means you are using approximately half of the water you were originally used with a traditional toilet.
Toilets which use 1.28 gallons per flush are considered high-efficiency toilets. The Kohler toilets are both high-efficiency toilets.
Elongated vs. Round Seat
Toilet seats come in two primary shapes. The first is elongated and the second is a round seat.
Just as they sound, the elongated toilet seat is longer than the round. This means that if your bathroom is particularly narrow, it may not fit as well as you would like it to.
On the other hand, a round seat can be more uncomfortable and can look awkward in a space that is too large. Take a good assessment of your space before you purchase your toilet. This will also matter if you want to have a top self closing toilet seats, so you can match the shape of the sear with your toilet.
Standard or Compact Height
The height of the toilet is another incredibly important detail. Generally speaking, there are two options: compact and standard heights.
Compact heights are traditionally made for children or shorter adults. These toilets are also a great fit for smaller bathrooms or bathrooms with low ceilings. If you are purchasing toilets for daycare, elementary school, or other children-oriented settings, compact toilets are the best option.
Standard toilets are the height of a normal chair. This makes it easier to sit on and stand from, making standard toilets ideal for the elderly. If your toilet is going to be used in a traditional bathroom setting, choose a standard toilet.
Three Bolt vs. Two Bolt Installation
Toilets can have three or two bolt installations. While the number of bolts may seem like a minor detail, they can actually change the entire feel of your toilet.
Two bolt toilets are known for being a touch more wobbly as you sit on them. Often, the tank of the toilet is less stable, and this can lead to a cracked tank or toilet seal.
If you choose a two bolt toilet, we recommend you also purchase a two piece set, as this can allow you to replace only the toilet tank or bowl.
Three bolt toilets are much more stable because the third bolt helps to secure the back of the toilet. This is a huge advantage, preventing toilet seals and tanks from cracking.
Single Piece or Two Piece Set
Another option to consider is how many pieces you would like your toilet. Many homeowners prefer a 1 piece toilet. This is because the 1 piece toilet is easier to move into the bathroom and often easier to install.
Single piece toilets also tend to run a little cheaper. This is because the company does not have to manufacture parts to fit together or package those parts individually.
Two-piece toilets, however, are much better in terms of longevity. The most commonly broken part of a toilet is the toilet tank. If the toilet is in two pieces, it is possible to replace only the tank of the toilet.
Toilets are made of vitreous china or porcelain. This is a material that is heated through a long process and thus does not absorb water well and does not break easily.
This allows for an easy-to-clean, sturdy toilet. Some areas need to be sealed with the greatest waxless toilet seals as well, to prevent leakage.
However, companies vary on what they use to cover the porcelain of the toilet. There are many options, including SaniGloss and EverClean.
Some companies even design their own barrier for their toilets. It is important to ensure that your toilet has an excellent barrier, or the toilet will stain easily.
If a toilet barrier is especially poor, the toilet can even acquire a smell after a long period of use. Make sure to read about your preferred toilet’s barrier before you choose a toilet.
Another element to consider before you purchase a toilet is the size of the toilet trap. A toilet trap is an S-shaped piece of piping which is known for acquiring gunk and build up over time.
The larger your toilet’s trap size, the less likely your toilet is to have a clog in it. This makes trap size incredibly important, as most toilets develop clogs over time.
Additionally, this pipe is shaped like an S to prevent sewer gas from leaking back into the house. It does this by pooling water in the S shape of the toilet trap. This water stops the gas from passing back into your home.
If your trap is too large, the sewer gas can leak into the house much more easily. Sewer gas leaking into your home can cause a horrendous stench, so we strongly encourage you to choose a medium-sized trap.
With all of that knowledge, we recommend a trap size of 1 ¾ inch. Much smaller can cause clogging issues, while much larger can cause smell issues.
Color & Finish
Remember that the color will have an influence on the feel and look of your bathroom.
It is recommended to choose brighter colors because they work well with sunlight. Thankfully, most toilets come in white and cotton colors.
When it comes to the finish, you are advised to go for a toilet with glazed surfaces. Not only that these toilets look nice but they are also easy to clean.
You should also consider whether the color of your toilet matches all other elements in your bathroom, even the not-so-obvious ones, like your top-rated tension shower rod or your greatest high pressure handheld shower heads.
Ease of Cleaning
You also want to buy a toilet that is easy is to clean. Bear in mind that some toilets might require manual cleaning on a regular base. So pay careful attention to the features that make a rough-in toilet look clean with minimum effort.
Look for ten-inch rough in toilets that come with smooth, glazed surfaces. They eliminate the stains and keep the toilet bacteria free. Nevertheless, it’s always necessary to maintain good hygiene to make your toilet keep looking clean and tidy. You may use the best automatic toilet cleaners to ensure that is is always free of gross residue.
Ten Inch Rough In Toilet FAQ’s
Q: How Much Water Can I Save with This Toilet?
A: Just because a toilet is small on size doesn’t mean it consumes a small amount of water. This mostly depends on the flushing system.
In general, older models of toilets waste more than new ones. For example, a toilet that has 1.28 gallon per flush will use about 16,500 fewer gallons annually. So it is a good idea to replace your old toilet with a new ten-inch rough in toilet.
Q: How High Should I Sit Off the Floor?
A: This is something known as chair height or comfort height. It refers to the distance between the floor and the seat of the toilet. Make sure that it doesn’t include the rim, as you may end up winding up a couple of inches higher when adding a seat.
Similar to standard toilets, the height of a typical ten-inch rough in toilet is about 16 inches. Some manufacturers use comfort height when describing the shorter distance from the floor to the seat. That’s something you should bear in mind when buying a toilet.
Q: How to Measure My Toilet Correctly?
A: As the name implies, a ten-inch rough-in indicates that the gap between the drain pipe and the bolts is exactly ten inches. Keep in mind that rough-in models range from 10 to 12 inches.
This allows you to mount your toilet a bit closer to the wall or directly on the wall, according to your needs. Double-check the measurements. Otherwise, you may have difficulty installing the toilet in your bathroom.
Ready To Buy The Best 10 Inch Rough In Toilet?
As you shop for the ideal toilet for your home, consider some of the details listed above. Your first decision should be the length of the toilet, as this is solely determined by your space.
It is also incredibly important to consider the amount of water your toilet will be using. This can completely change the power of the toilet and the size of your monthly water bill.
Besides, you will also want to consider the shape of the seat, design, toilet barriers, trap size, and whether or not you want to have the best bidet attachment for your toilet.